Having big pores can break your confidence. Pores are prominent when our skin has excess oil and dead skin cells stuck in them. Having large pores can make our skin look aged, rough and visibly affect the smoothness.
Though it is impossible to rid our pores completely, there’s something we can do to decrease their appearance of them by acknowledging the causes, adopting some skin care tips changes, and trying these natural, at-home remedies. Keep reading this article about how you can make pores smaller naturally
What causes enlarged pores?
Excessive sebum production
Our skin’s sebaceous (oil) glands function as a natural moisture manufacturer. While this is essential for keeping the skin hydrated and healthy, too much of anything is never a good thing. When the oil glands produce an excessive amount of sebum, the pores enlarge.
It’s a common misconception that large pores are the result of aging. However, when we look at a large number of teenagers, we can see that many of them have enlarged pores as well.
While this is not entirely correct, there are some aging factors, such as skin damage, that can contribute to more visible pores. As we age, the loss of collagen, elastin, and water causes skin tissues to be drawn to the pores, resulting in sagging pores.
Pore size is determined by genetics, so if your parents have enlarged pores, you are likely to have them as well. Genes can cause skin pores to enlarge and open up around your cheeks, brow, and nose.
A 2018 study, “Facial Skin Pores: A Multiethnic Study,” looked at the differences in pore size between women of different races. Pore density is significantly lower in Chinese and Japanese women. Pore density was 5-8 times lower in these women than in any other ethnic group.
Indian and Brazilian women had the most visible pores. Caucasian women finished slightly behind Indian women. Asian women, on the other hand, received the award for the least visible pores.
Can pores really shrink?
Both yes and no. Pore size is largely determined by genetics, but what we eat, drink, and apply to our skin has an impact on its health. While we cannot technically shrink your pores, we can tighten, tone, and reduce their appearance. Let’s look at some of the most popular treatments for shrinking pores.
Glycolic Acid and Chemical Peels
Chemical creams are commonly used to reduce the appearance of large pores. Chemical peels are an additional option. And it is exactly as it sounds. Chemical acids are used to remove the top layer(s) of skin from the face. Alpha-hydroxy peels, like lactic acid and glycolic acid, are common choices. Salicylic acid, often recommended for acne, also helps to clear out pores to diminish their appearance.
How Do Chemical Peels Work?
Glycolic acid is a chemical that strips the skin. It works by deep cleansing pores, removing blackheads, combating acne, evening out skin tone, brightening skin tone, and smoothing rough skin.
Peels can range from mild at-home masks to intense and risky procedures performed by a dermatologist. While synthetic chemical peels may improve the appearance of pores, they can also cause redness, burning, and irritation. Scarring, skin infections, and organ damage are among the more serious side effects.
Retinoids are another popular treatment for large pores. While there is evidence that it works, it may not be the safest option. Retinoids are vitamin A-derived synthetic compounds. Retinoids (or Retinol) increase cell turnover, resulting in smoother skin and smaller pores.
However, there is evidence that retinol can cause cell damage and death and may contribute to heart disease. A high intake of synthetic vitamin A can result in birth defects. Both Germany and Canada have banned the use of this chemical in skincare products.
How to Make pores Smaller naturally – 11 easy remedies to shrink your pores
1. Green tea ice cube
Ice cubes alone can significantly reduce the size of your pores. The coldness aids in shrinking and tightening the skin. Green tea reduces inflammation and tones the skin, hair, and muscles.
It is high in antioxidants, enzymes, amino acids, and phytochemicals such as polyphenols. B vitamins, folate, manganese, potassium, magnesium, and caffeine are also present.
Green tea’s antioxidant and astringent properties can help shrink enlarged pores, which can become clogged and infected with bacteria. As a result, it will smooth and tighten your skin.
Allow a cup of strong green tea to cool before serving. To make a paste, combine a few tablespoons of this tea with two tablespoons of bentonite clay or any cosmetic clay. Allow this pore-tightening mask to dry completely on your face. Scrub gently and rinse with warm water. Drink a few cups of green tea every day to help your body rid itself of toxins.
2. Egg White Face Mask
Eggs are fantastic for breakfast, baking, and… rubbing on your face? Yes! Egg white proteins are said to tighten and plump skin, reducing the appearance of pores.
Here’s how to make a simple egg white face mask:
- Whisk an egg white from a pastured free range egg until smooth. For faster results, use the whisk attachment on a stand mixer.
- Apply the foamy egg white to the face and allow it to soak in.
- After about 15 minutes gently wash the face.
3. Papaya Face Mask
Papaya contains papain, a naturally occurring enzyme that is beneficial to the skin. By modulating collagen and elastic fibers in the skin, papain helps exfoliate dead skin, repair skin, and reduce wrinkles. As a supplement, papaya extract has numerous skin benefits.
To make a papaya face mask:
- Apply the mashed fruit to your face. If desired, it can be combined with honey, yogurt, or other skin-loving ingredients.
- Wash the papaya face mask off gently after 10-15 minutes.
4. Banana peel
Don’t we all enjoy eating bananas? But, have you ever considered the benefits of its peel? Prepare to be pleasantly surprised! The peel of a banana contains lutein, an antioxidant that aids in skin nourishment. Banana peels also contain potassium, which promotes flawless skin.
Simply rub a banana peel against your skin in a circular motion. Rub for another fifteen minutes before washing your face with cold water. Using this remedy twice a week will significantly reduce the size of your large pores.
5. Gram flour
Gram flour, also known as besan or chickpea flour, is an excellent ingredient for a face mask. It exfoliates the skin, removes dead skin cells, and helps to close large pores.
- 1 tbsp gram flour (besan)
- 1 tbsp yogurt
- 1 tsp turmeric powder
- 2-3 drops of olive oil
How To Do:
- Mix all the ingredients and make a fine paste.
- Apply this paste on your face and leave it on for 25 to 30 minutes.
- Wash with cool water.
- Dry your face and moisturize.
- You can use this face pack 2 times a week.
6. Tomato mask
Tomato is one of the best natural skin care ingredients (both used topical and internal). They help to open up your skin pores and reduce blackheads on your face. When you cut a tomato in half and rub it on your skin, the juice slowly saturates the skin pores. For the best results, leave it on for 15 minutes before gently rinsing it off.
7. Baking soda
Baking soda balances the pH of the skin by lowering the acid content. It exfoliates dead skin cells and acts as an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agent to soothe your skin.
What You Need:
- 2 tablespoons of baking soda
- 2 tablespoons of water
What to Do:
- Make a thick and consistent paste with the soda and water.
- Make sure to activate the soda with warm water.
- Apply the mixture to your face for 30 seconds and massage it in.
- Rinse it thoroughly with plain water.
- This mixture can be used once every three days.
8. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar can help those with oily skin and large pores. The substance contains alpha-hydroxy acids (organic acids that increase cell turnover and reduce wrinkle appearance), which can shrink and tighten pores.
What You Need:
- Apple cider vinegar
- A ball of cotton
What to Do:
- Dilute apple cider vinegar with water, in a 1:1 ratio.
- Dip a ball of cotton in this solution and dab it on your face.
- Let it dry.
- Use this skin toner after washing your face at night.
9. Rose water
Rose water has been used as a beauty secret for centuries. Gulab jal’s healing and hydrating properties have been passed down through generations of grandmothers. And there’s a lot of truth in that advice. This natural beauty elixir can treat winter dryness, dullness, acne, puffiness, sunburn, and a variety of other conditions.
Rose water removes excess oils from your face while also controlling bacterial growth and maintaining the skin’s pH balance, which helps to keep breakouts at bay. It removes oil from clogged pores and revitalizes the skin, enhancing its natural radiance.
When your pores become clogged with daily residue and toxins, rose water can help to decongest them and remove impurities for a clear, bright complexion.
10. Aloe vera
Fresh Aloe Vera can be used on open pores to hydrate and tighten the skin. This remedy works because aloe vera cleanses, nourishes, and moisturizes the skin while also unclogging pores.
What You Need:
- Aloe vera gel
What to Do:
- Apply aloe vera gel to open pores and gently massage for a few minutes.
- Allow the gel to sit on your skin for about 10 minutes.
- Rinse thoroughly with water.
- Repeating this procedure every day will significantly help to shrink your pores.
11. Witch hazel
Witch hazel is an astringent that can calm:
Pure witch hazel can be sprayed on your face or applied with a cotton pad. It soothes your skin and may make your pores appear smaller. You can also try this do-it-yourself recipe:
- 4 tbsp. witch hazel — make sure it’s alcohol-free, otherwise it will be drying
- 2 tbsp. aloe vera
- a few drops of your favorite essential oil
Mix the ingredients thoroughly before funneling the toner into a spray bottle or applying it to your face with clean hands or a cotton pad.
Diet tips to prevent large pores
1. Avoid pro-inflammatory foods. Pro-inflammatory foods include:
Sugar: We apologize in advance if you have a sweet tooth. Unfortunately, studies have shown that a high sugar intake (high glycemic diet) is proportional to sebum (oil) production. And, as previously stated, oily skin results in large pores.
You may wonder why sugar encourages sebum production. According to a study on the relationship of facial sebum to serum insulin, elevated insulin levels may indicate an increase in sebum production. It is, by the way, added sugars (sugars that are not naturally present in food) and highly refined foods such as white bread, pasta, cakes, and so on.
Fried foods: High-temperature cooked foods (deep-fried foods) promote an inflammatory response in the body. They can cause skin inflammation, resulting in larger pores and oilier skin.
2. Eat anti-inflammatory foods/nutrients aka foods that prevent inflammation.
Low glycemic foods. A low glycemic diet rich in whole grains, vegetables, fruits, beans, and legumes that digest slowly, resulting in a slow release of energy and no insulin spikes. No insulin spikes = lower inflammation = fewer breakouts.
Vitamin C. Vitamin C is a good – no, POWERFUL– antioxidant. It also promotes collagen formation, skin elasticity, and dirt extraction when applied topically. All of these contribute to smaller pores. Vegetable sources of vitamin C are broccoli, spinach, kale, chives, parsley, etc.
Zinc. Zinc-rich vegetables may help to fight skin inflammation, reducing the appearance of large pores. Mushrooms, squash, zucchini, and spinach are all vegetable sources.
Polyphenols. Tea contains polyphenols. Green, black, white, and oolong in particular. According to studies, polyphenols in tea have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help you with your large pores as well!
Selenium. Selenium aids in the promotion of skin elasticity, the prevention of skin inflammation, and the regulation of glutathione peroxidase, a powerful antioxidant.
Best skincare tips to make your pores smaller
Avoid washing your face with hot water: Washing with hot water can cause extreme water loss, damage the skin barrier, and enlarge your pores. To seal everything in, it is recommended that you wash your face twice a day with lukewarm water or a splash of cold water.
Exfoliate: Exfoliation is the removal of dead skin cells from the top layer of the skin. Exfoliation brightens the skin and gives it a smoother texture. If you exfoliate on a regular basis, your pores will not stretch out and appear larger.
Always apply sunscreen: Sunscreen is essential. Constant sun exposure causes pores to stretch and sag around the edges, giving them the appearance of being larger.
Face steam: Facial steaming 1-2 times per week helps to deep clean your pores and easily remove gunk. This will help to reduce sebum clogging, which is the primary cause of large pores.
Large pores treatment (according to dermatologists)
Chemical Peels: A chemical peel is a great option to shrinking enlarged pores. A chemical peel can remove the outer, damaged layer of the skin with an acidic solution to improve your skin’s appearance and texture.
VBeam Laser: Enlarged pores and shallow acne scars can be improved by heating collagen to promote collagen regeneration. In our office, we provide laser treatments that can help reduce the size of large pores.
Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a 30-minute, minimally invasive skin treatment that boosts collagen, elastin, exfoliation, and healthy skin by promoting microcirculation and oxygen production.
Microneedling: Microneedling is also a great way to improve the size of pores. Tiny needles create controlled micro-injuries to the skin to aid in the production of collagen and elastin. The skin’s repair process results in a thicker epidermis with a softer appearance of wrinkles. Furthermore, microneedling creates micro-channels that allow the skin to absorb topical gels, creams, and serums more effectively, enhancing the skin’s deeper layers.
These are the best skin care tips on how to make pores smaller naturally to help minimize your pores. While we can’t guarantee that you’ll get the exact results seen in the images above, using these methods will help you shrink your pores to a certain extent. Just remember that taking care of your skin is a lifelong pursuit—smaller pores are just one goal among many you should be aiming to achieve.