Russell’s Viper – The obsession of mankind

Russell's Viper

When it comes to snake bites, the venom of the elusive and deadly, Russell’s viper is a serious concern. In the following paragraphs, you’ll learn about the venom’s effects on your blood, its weight, and where you can find this snake in the wild. Despite the snake’s small size, this deadly reptile is a danger to anyone working in a plantation or agricultural field. 

Russell's Viper

How dangerous is Russell’s viper?

The Indian Russell’s viper, or Chain Viper, is a very dangerous snake. Its poison is so powerful that it can kill a full-grown human within a matter of minutes. These snakes are typically found on farms, especially in the hilly Western state of Karnataka. In addition to being extremely dangerous, they can also cause excessive bleeding and even death. In fact, the snake is one of the most commonly killed snakes in India, accounting for the majority of all incidents.

How dangerous is Russell's viper?

The snake’s advanced venom dispatching system is one of its greatest assets. Its long, hypodermic needle-like fangs are located in the front of its mouth and can inject its venom with a single jab. This ability helps it safely tackle large prey without being slammed by the deadly poison. However, you should never attempt to handle this snake unprovoked.

Russell’s viper venom effects on blood

The effect of Russell’s viper venom on the blood is of particular interest to scientists. Although this venom is a coagulant, its effects on blood are different in healthy and sick people. Research into the effects of RVV on blood coagulation has focused on the physiology of this venom and its uses in medicine. This effect is only present in healthy blood, making it useful for the diagnostic testing of certain diseases.

Russell's viper venom effects on blood

A large percentage of snake bite victims develop kidney failure or acute kidney injury within three months, while a small percentage experience respiratory distress. However, the effects of Russell’s venom on blood clotting are fast. The snake is a terrestrial species that can grow up to 5.5 feet long. It typically feeds on rats. They are often found in villages and urban areas. While there are some reports of a migraine-like syndrome in the victims, the most severe case was a patient who suffered a fatal venom reaction.

Russell’s viper weight

The weight of a female Russell’s viper is approximately 15 to 22 lbs. Despite their long body length, they are not particularly agile or fast. The tail of a Russell’s viper only makes up about 14% of the snake’s overall length. However, it is an important part of the snake’s appearance and can make a striking statement. This reptile is an aggressive predator and is often seen as a threat when it attacks humans.

The body of a female Russell’s viper measures 1.2 to 1.9 meters (four to six feet) long and can weigh as much as 15 pounds. It is surrounded by a black ring and has irregular dark markings throughout. It has a flattened triangular head, a narrow, blunt snout, and a short tail. The male Russell’s viper has two to five pairs of fangs, each positioned on either side of its large, triangular head.

Where does Russell’s viper live?

Where does Russell’s viper live? This venomous snake lives in warm climates. The snake is mostly nocturnal, but it can be seen in open areas during cool seasons. It feeds on various animals, including rodents and lizards, but is known to also eat birds and even frogs. The snakes usually hide in leaf litter and cracks in the ground during the day.

The reptile is found throughout Asia, including the southern United States and Mexico. Although it is not common, it is considered an invasive species in many areas. It can be found in rural areas as well as in urban areas. The Russell’s viper prefers open, bushy habitats, but is not restricted to a specific location. These snakes can be found in the wild throughout most of India and its neighboring countries.


The Russell’s viper is one of the world’s most dangerous snakes. It’s venomous and kills a lot of people every year. In India, where this snake is found in large numbers, snakebite is a serious concern. Russell’s viper is well-known for its excellent camouflage and frequent visits to fields and plantations.

Local snakebite, spontaneous bleeding, neurological symptoms, , incoagulable blood, ptosis, rhabdomyolysis, ophthalmoplegia, acute and acute descending paralysis renal disease can all result from a Russell’s viper bite (AKI)


The conclusion of the study of Russell’s viper venom and envenoming is inconclusive. The snakes are not common near roads or reservoirs. Most often they are seen at least 20 m from people. Although this type of snake is rarely found near roads, the results of the study suggest that the snakes are less likely to envenom people if they are present near the borders of reservoirs.

The researchers concluded that the number of human-viper encounters was the lowest in March, which was the hottest and driest month of the year. They also noted that the vipers’ activity levels were significantly reduced during this time. Agricultural activities were also less likely to be affected by snake bites during this time. In the meantime, the population of Russell’s vipers may be declining. Its survival rate is estimated to be around one percent. Follow PowerPAC plus for more information!!!

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