Have you ever heard about Kamchatka valley? Kamchatka is a vast natural museum of volcanology; its “exhibits” include active and extinct volcanoes, as well as various associated formations such as geysers, fumaroles, and thermal springs. Follow PowerPAC plus to learn more!!!
Location & Character
Surprisingly, the Valley of Geysers — one of the most famous attractions of the Kamchatka region — was founded less than a hundred years ago. It’s worth mentioning that along with the Valley of Geysers, Kronotsky Wildlife Refuge in Kamchatka is one of the oldest wildlife reserves in Russia dating back to 1882. However, it seems that its territory wasn’t explored even after it was given a national status in 1934.
- Four seasons: The climate in Kamchatka is decidedly continental, with cool winters and warm summers. Summer and autumn months (June-October) are by far the most popular, with maximum temperatures ranging from 15C (59F) to 30C (86F), but a growing trend in winter sports keeps tourism pulsing all year.
- Diverse climate: The climate of Kamchatka is as diverse as its wildlife. On either coast, there is a moderate maritime zone, a continental zone in the central valley with four distinct seasons, and an arctic zone in the northern parts of the peninsula. The temperature on the peninsula varies greatly depending on when and where you travel. The convenience of visiting Kamchatka allows you to visit all of these climatic zones. Depending on how ambitious your itinerary is, you will encounter lush forests, extreme mountain ranges, remote lakes, rocky coastlines, and vast tundra.
- Climatic variation: In Kamchatka, climatic variation is a startling phenomenon. There are twenty distinct climate zones, which are divided into coastal, alpine, and geothermal zones. The most dramatic changes occur in geothermally active areas, where entire valleys are warmed by steam or geyser fields. Hot springs have also saved dozens of species that were extinct during the last ice age. Steamy riverside springs have preserved an ancient stand of blue-needled fir trees at Kronotsky Inlet, while the vast six-by-eight-mile Uzon Caldera creates its own climate. Pulsing geysers, roiling mud pools, and steam fields warm the earth, causing spring shoots to sprout early and luring wary brown bears (the world’s largest) out of hibernation. Wagtails let the warm earth do its share of the egg incubation and bald eagles soar through steam clouds, daring anything to move.
The Kamchatka is a peninsula about 1,250 km long in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 472,300 km².
Life in Kamchatka Valley
The Kamchatka Peninsula is home to less than 350,000 people. Roads are scarce in many parts of the region. You could drive for an entire day and still be surrounded by volcanoes if they existed. Many of the volcanoes here, such as Tolbachik and Shiveluch, are active and frequently splatter the land with new lava paint. The majority of Kamchatka is an icy volcanic wilderness, a UNESCO World Heritage Site whose geological wonders and extraordinary aesthetics entice scientific visitors from all over the world.
Plant and animal
This region’s flora and fauna are quite diverse. This is due to the peninsula’s varied terrain and a wide range of climate zones. Nature has retained its original appearance in places where there is no civilization. Kamchatka is home to 918 different animal, bird, and fish species. Among the most interesting animals are the brown bear, moose, caribou, and bighorn sheep. There is even a wolverine here, but there are no reptiles in Kamchatka, which is good news for visistors.
The brown bear is without a doubt the king of the Kamchatka fauna. It has a population of over 15 000 people. Bears arrive in the spring on the first green grass to the hot springs, in the summer at the spawning grounds, where they become patient and skilled hunters, and in the autumn on the berries, which are famous in Kamchatka. For example, in the Valley of Geysers, where the bears come to feed in the spring, you can see up to 19 of them at once!
As a result, it is especially popular among tourists, not cheap tours with a visit to the Valley of Geysers, because here you can see brown bears in their natural habitat. This location is a photographer’s dream. Even if you don’t have a professional camera, you can take great photos here. However, you should exercise caution and keep in mind that a bear is a wild animal that can be unpredictable and dangerous. Brown bears have exceptional stamina and strength, are excellent swimmers, and can reach speeds of up to 60 km/h.
Kamchatka Valley – The deadly land
History of Death Valley
In general, the history of this location predates the time when it was discovered. Nature, with its sometimes ruthless and inexplicable phenomena: volcanic eruptions, boiling lava, minerals and gasses in the earth’s bowels, is the creator of this valley. It is a land of contradictions, a land with not only life, but death as an inseparable part of it.
The official history of Death Valley in Kamchatka begins many years after the reserve’s establishment. No one knew about it for a long time, measured in years, despite its proximity to the famous Valley of Geysers, which is revered and loved by both scientists and tourists.
It’s amusing, but in those distant Soviet times, one of the expeditions’ main task was to study the nature reserve. They camped very close to this natural wonder. Their route took them from the geysers to Uzon. Scientists have been working in the area around the deadly valley for several years. A total of approximately 300 meters.
From whence death comes?
One of the expeditions’ official sources confirmed its presence. This occurred in 1975. It was discovered by forester VS Kalyaev and volcanologist VL Leonov. This event was significant and significant in the history of the reserve from the beginning. Then it becomes increasingly interesting. Several expeditions led by our country’s top experts led to Death Valley over the next eight years (1975-1983).
Volcanologists have collected a large number of samples and analyzed them, resulting in a large number of conclusions and results. They were trying to figure out the natural component of gas (mofetil), which was “the ruling” in the valley at the time. At this point, it was discovered that a large number of animals and birds were dying in a dangerous land. The scientists were able to determine when those or other types of animals died as a result of their efforts.
It all begins with the melting of the snow in the spring. Small animals (rodents) and hares arrive in the Valley of Death with the first warm rays of the sun. They simply cannot tolerate a dose of poison while in search of food. Then, from the mountains down to the valley, larger inhabitants (predators) arrive to eat the corpses of dead animals, occupying the bottom rung of the food chain..
Death in pure form …
What is the cause of death for those who visit the valley’s land? Everything is very straightforward. The matter is a unique composition of gas released from cracks in the Earth’s crust. Lethal elements are present in “morretes,” including hydrogen sulfide, carbon disulfide, and carbon dioxide. Of course, the dose is insufficient to “overthrow” the animal to death, but if the animal is present for an extended period of time, it condemns itself to death.
The researchers observed severe symptoms such as dizziness, headache, weakness, and nausea during the experiments. During one of these expeditions, a dog belonging to one of the researchers wandered into the Valley of Death’s territory. It is also important to note that the anomalous zone is located in a recess, which contributes to the accumulation of gasses and their significant influence on the guests. It’s especially dangerous to be here in calm weather, when the poison builds up and concentrates.
Mystery Death Valley on the Kamchatka Peninsula has not yet been solved by scientists from around the world. It is also dangerous, deadly, bloodthirsty and inexplicable. Despite all this, the anomalous zone is incredibly popular among tourists coming to the Kronotsky Nature Reserve. PowerPAC plus hope all above knowledge will bring you useful lores.