Although there are exceptions, the vast majority migrate in search of better living conditions. Some animal migrations occur as a result of economic hardship, while others are motivated by the desire to escape poverty.
To minimize human impacts, various initiatives are in place to create migration corridors and wildlife-friendly fencing. One of these projects, AMIREG, is focused on understanding the reasons for migration and aims to improve financial incentives. This post will answer the question what causes the frequent migration of animals in Africa.
What Causes The Frequent Migration Of Animals In Africa?
Not only do humans imigrate but also birds, mammals, and amphibians do. Their migration patterns are significant and impact Africa’s demographics, trade, and investment. Furthermore, these patterns have a strong economic impact, leading to increased numbers of refugees. But there are also social, cultural, and political issues that play a role in animal migration. In this article, we’ll explore the causes of this, as well as the consequences of it.
Migrations have numerous environmental benefits. For example, the group of animal eats tonnes of grass every day. As they migrate, they digest the grass, redistribute nutrients, and serve as a natural fertiliser for many plant species. Their ever-moving diet helps grasses grow more quickly, which in turn leads to increased forage production.
Other reasons include seasonal and environmental changes. Seasonal climate differences create huge differences in solar energy received in different parts of the world. Because of this, many of them migrate to take advantage of favorable conditions for a short period of time. For example, the bar-tailed godwit, which breeds at high latitudes, migrates thousands of miles every year, taking advantage of abundant food during early summer and long days.
But this change may make the population animals’ change
Which Land They Migrate?
Wildebeest and zebras are among the many African animals migrating. Each year, they cover 500 miles and face a number of dangers. Predators, thirst and exhaustion will claim the lives of one in six wildebeest. Despite these hazards, half a million new calves will be born during this migration. Wildebeest migrate all year long, with the highlights of the migration season being crossing the Mara River and calving season in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
This period varies depending on the food and water supply in the region. In the southern Serengeti, migration takes place from November through early May, and the herds travel north through the Western Corridor in June. On the other hand, the migration of zebras takes place in the Masai Mara in late November through December. When the Serengeti experiences rains, the herds head back to the plains.
Where Is The Largest Animal Migration In Africa?
When it comes to animal migrations, where can you find the biggest? The Serengeti plains in Tanzania host massive circular treks by the wildebeest. In contrast, the plains of Botswana are lunar-like, covered in green grass, with ungulates grazing in huge herds. During this time, the migration of the zebra in Botswana begins and ends in Namibia.
The annual Great Migration, also known as the Wildebeest, takes place when two million wildebeest and 700,000 gazelles cross the Masai Mara in Tanzania and Kenya. This natural event is hailed as the largest wildlife show on earth and is one of the seven natural wonders of Africa. To witness it, make your trip to Tanzania a summer or winter getaway. While visiting the Serengeti, don’t forget to go to Masai Mara and observe the colossal migration.
In Northern Zambia, Kasanka National Park is a hive of activity for fruit bats. It is the home to over ten million of these bats. Their loud chatter attracts them to the region, where they feed on fruit and spread their feces. During their migration, they also distribute seeds throughout the area, assisting in land regeneration. There is no doubt that these bats are an important part of the African ecosystem.
What Is The Main Reason For The African Animal Migrating
In the summer months, the Serengeti herds spend most of their year grazing in the southern Serengeti. During the dry season, they spend several months trekking the Masai Mara plains. In November, the alnimal migration ends and they move back to the southern Serengeti. There are many reasons why this migration occurs.
The Great Migration takes place every year. More than 1.5 million wildebeest, 400,000 zebra, and 12,000 eland make the long, 800-mile trek from the southern Serengeti to the Masai Mara. Environmental factors and animal behavior determine the timing of the Great Migration. Every year, the migration takes place, with the herds moving from droughts to areas of water and good grazing.
While these timings are generally followed, there are exceptions to this rule. In November 2013, rain in northern Serengeti caused a temporary halt to the migration. The wildebeest turned around and stayed in Kenya’s Masai Mara for three weeks. They then resumed their southbound migration in 2014.
Why Do Wildebeests In Africa Migrate?
Every year, the wildebeests start their migration to the western savanna, a trek of more than 800 kilometers. They leave their grazing areas in late April, early May, and early June. As they move toward the Western Corridor, their first obstacle is the Grumeti River. Fortunately, there are ways to watch the migration from a distance. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:
The main calving grounds are in southern Serengeti, where they spend the winter. Although the southern Serengeti does not have year-round water and grazing, it is the best place to view wildebeest in calving season. You’ll be able to watch the animal crossing rivers and gathering on the plains. The migration is typically most spectacular in February and March, when the wildebeest calves are born and begin migrating.
Early March to early May is considered the off-season for wildlife observation. The rains during this time cause the roads to become impassable and they migrate to grassier areas. However, this doesn’t mean you should miss this opportunity to view these herds in the southern Serengeti. The rainy time begins in November, and the herds go southward in early January. During this time, they can be noisy.
When Can You See The Great Migration In Africa?
When can you see the great migration in Africa’s Serengeti National Park? Between March and April, the herds begin their long trek north across the central and western Serengeti plains. They begin to spread out and split into different groups as the grass becomes scarcer, but you can still see huge herds if you know where to look.
The Great Migration, also known as the Wildebeest Migration, is an annual movement of millions of wildebeest and other wildlife species through Kenya and Tanzania. The animal faces dangers of terrestrial predators and crocodile-infested waters. Nevertheless, this spectacular event is worth seeing at least once in your life. There is no better way to experience the wonder than to plan your trip accordingly and catch the Great Migration in action.
Why Do They Migrate In Winter?
Some of them travel seasonally to the warm water of the Equator to avoid the harsh winters, such as zebra. Zebra do across the southern African continent in herds of up to three million each year. In their migration, they cross the vast Makgadikgadi Pans, which are lunar-like expanses of green grass. Others, like hyenas and a variety of birds, move further south to warmer waters, including the Gulf of Mexico.
In Africa, the migration patterns of the animal are well-known. In Kenya, for example, thousands of lesser and greater flamingos travel to the warm soda lakes of Bogoria and Nakuru to breed. They feed on algae and tiny shrimp in these lakes and wade across the water in their distinctive feeding posture. It’s fascinating to watch these incredible the animals. In fact, some scientists suggest that the flamingos may be using memory to guide their migration.
Many scientists believe that animals moving to avoid harsh weather conditions. This is one explanation for why some species move from a place to another one, and others are not. Some are simply more resilient to cold climates than others, and some don’t. For example, some are capable of surviving the winter without migrating, and will just adapt to the conditions. Hibernation is the process by which the animal reduces their body temperature, heart rate, and breathing rate. The most famous hibernating animals are brown bears, which spend half their lives sleeping.
How Does Migration Affect Others?
How does migration affect other animals in East Africa? It is an ongoing circular movement throughout the year, with highlights including crossing the Mara River in July, calving season in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in February, and the migration of millions of Flamingos to Bogoria and Nakuru lakes in April. These pink-colored birds fly in enormous V formations, highlighting the incredible variety of color in their feathers.
One major cause of this change is human settlements. In some parts of East Africa, migration routes are being altered and cut off entirely. Farms are being expanded, and roads, fences, and structures are causing wildlife to become confused and turn back. This is bad news for the animal that depend on these natural migration routes. To stop this, governments should purchase more land to protect natural routes. And, of course, they should also protect their habitats from development.
Migration is also an adaptive response to seasonal variation. Large differences in solar energy receive each hemisphere during the year, and many species take advantage of these conditions for brief periods. One example is the bar-tailed godwit, which breeds in high latitudes and exploits abundance and long days in early summer. Those two factors contribute to the evolution of social hierarchies and advanced tools in humans.